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What You Should Know about Rat and their Infestation in Your Home
Few of us are aware that rats can be made as pets, and they are rather cute since they can be friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures. Compared to gerbils and hamsters, they are less likely to bite, and so if your child is searching for a new pet, your good choice could be a domestic rat. On the other hand, wild rats are definitely not cute and their infestation is never a good thing. When you sense and show signs that the rats and their families are starting to occupy your outbuildings, garage, attic or basement, then you should already be concern.
There are many kinds of sub-species of rats, but the more common ones are the black and brown rats. Some rats came from Asia, and they are quite small, but their relatives in some towns and cities are much larger.
Just like humans, rats migrated around the world following soldiers and traders along trade routes between Asia and Europe. Imagine them hitching rides on ships sailing between continents and after some time, rats are seen everywhere.
Just like many pests, rats are nature’s scavengers, and so the more food is available in a place, the more you will see them around. Rats prefer a diet of various meat and vegetables, but they are not choosy with their food, thus they will be satisfied raiding your trash or your vegetable patch. Note that rats will also attack small animals if they cannot find any other food around.
Rats have one main reason for being dreaded or scared of in the past centuries and this is because they spread disease. A disease in the past called the black death or the bubonic plague, was transmitted by rats which were infested with fleas, and because of this 25 million people perished in the Middle Ages.
An outbreak of this disease can be avoided in our modern days because we have more understanding of the process of the disease. Rats today can do spread disease still, and thus we have to act immediately to avoid infestation.
The most common rat-borne disease today is called leptospirosis, and you should be concern of this disease if rats can be seen living and breeding in your homes.
Food or water that were contaminated by rats could lead to another disease called salmonella. Another fatal disease due to exposure to rat droppings or rat urine, is called hantavirus, and this is a fatal one. Another disease is called e-coli which is a very common infestation among the rat population and contaminated water and food could be a source of infection among humans.